What Triggers Migraines?

Feb 22nd, 2010 | By Beth | Category: Migraine Triggers & Causes

Migraine Triggers

Loud noises may induce Migraines for some.

According to the staff at the renowned Mayo Clinic, a number of things are identified triggers for migraines. As you learn to recognize your own unique migraine triggers, it can be helpful to know the list of the following triggers as they have been recognized as common by medical staff and health care providers.


Migraine Trigger List

  • Exposure to smoke, including cigarette, cigar, and even inside or outside fires
  • Allergic reactions and personal allergy triggers, such as pet dander or pollen
  • Bright, flashing lights, such as those in a concert hall
  • Loud noises
  • Strong odors or perfumes
  • Lack of sleep or irregular sleep
  • Skipping meals or fasting to the point of hunger
  • Hormonal fluctuations, including menstrual cycles or the onset of menopause
  • Tension and physical or emotional stress

Migraine Food Triggers

  • Alcohol, specifically beer and red wine
  • Foods containing monosodium glutamate (MSG) or nitrates, particularly bacon, hot dogs, and
  • Salami
  • Foods containing tyramine, which include red wine, aged cheese, smoked meats, figs, and some
  • Beans

In addition, foods such as chocolate, nuts, peanut butter, avocado, banana, citrus, onions, dairy products and pickled foods are commonly known to be migraine triggers. It is important to know this fact (which really sucks to be honest): triggers do not always cause a migraine to start, so avoiding your triggers will not always prevent your migraines. Identifying and avoiding your triggers can only take you part of the way to preventing migraines.

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